Red Letter Year: 3/12

Matthew 4:1-11

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Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted there by the devil. For forty days and forty nights he fasted and became very hungry.

During that time the devil came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become loaves of bread.”

But Jesus told him, “No! The Scriptures say,‘People do not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.’”

Then the devil took him to the holy city, Jerusalem, to the highest point of the Temple, and said, “If you are the Son of God, jump off! For the Scriptures say,

‘He will order his angels to protect you.
And they will hold you up with their hands
so you won’t even hurt your foot on a stone.’”

Jesus responded, “The Scriptures also say, ‘You must not test the Lord your God.’”

Next the devil took him to the peak of a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. “I will give it all to you,” he said, “if you will kneel down and worship me.”

10 “Get out of here, Satan,” Jesus told him. “For the Scriptures say, ‘You must worship the Lord your God and serve only him.’”

11 Then the devil went away, and angels came and took care of Jesus.


Five things I want to draw your attention to here:

  1. The devil is real. That may not be a popular idea these days, but Scripture and all of Christian tradition and experience concur: we have an enemy who does just this sort of thing. Any time Christians get too comfortable with the idea that Satan is a myth bad things happen (e.g., German Christians didn’t much believe in Satan prior to WWII). It’s foolish to dismiss what Scripture clearly teaches. And dangerous.
  2. Satan chooses a very strategic moment to tempt Jesus. First, Jesus is weak from fasting 40 days. Second, this comes just after the significant spiritual experience of Jesus’ baptism. He has just gotten confirmation of who he is in God and he is weak and tired. Just the sort of moment the enemy will attack you and me as well.
  3. All of the temptations are attacks on Jesus’ identity and call. “If you are the Son of God… then do….” Trying to get Jesus to doubt his identity and/or act contrary to his calling.
  4. Jesus responds with Scripture each time. Jesus was a student of Scripture. In the second temptation, both Satan and Jesus use Scripture, but Jesus demonstrates that difficult passages should be interpreted in light of clearer passages. Satan uses “creative hermeneutics” (to say the least), but Jesus uses a clear and direct interpretation to cut through that nonsense.
  5. In each of his responses, Jesus responds from the perspective of an ordinary human. This doesn’t mean he is giving in on his identity, but at no point does he say, “No that doesn’t apply to me, I’m special.” In other words, the temptations he faces and the responses he gives are both common to all humans (Hebrews tells us Jesus was tempted just like us in all things, except without giving in). That means you might want to reread 2-4 above as they apply to you and me just as much as they applied to Jesus.

New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Red Letter Year: 3/11

Matthew 3:1-17

In those days John the Baptist came to the Judean wilderness and began preaching. His message was, “Repent of your sins and turn to God, for the Kingdom of Heaven is near.” The prophet Isaiah was speaking about John when he said,

“He is a voice shouting in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way for the Lord’s coming!
Clear the road for him!’”

John’s clothes were woven from coarse camel hair, and he wore a leather belt around his waist. For food he ate locusts and wild honey. People from Jerusalem and from all of Judea and all over the Jordan Valley went out to see and hear John. And when they confessed their sins, he baptized them in the Jordan River.

But when he saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to watch him baptize, he denounced them. “You brood of snakes!” he exclaimed. “Who warned you to flee God’s coming wrath? Prove by the way you live that you have repented of your sins and turned to God. Don’t just say to each other, ‘We’re safe, for we are descendants of Abraham.’ That means nothing, for I tell you, God can create children of Abraham from these very stones. 10 Even now the ax of God’s judgment is poised, ready to sever the roots of the trees. Yes, every tree that does not produce good fruit will be chopped down and thrown into the fire.

11 “I baptize with water those who repent of their sins and turn to God. But someone is coming soon who is greater than I am—so much greater that I’m not worthy even to be his slave and carry his sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 12 He is ready to separate the chaff from the wheat with his winnowing fork. Then he will clean up the threshing area, gathering the wheat into his barn but burning the chaff with never-ending fire.”

13 Then Jesus went from Galilee to the Jordan River to be baptized by John.14 But John tried to talk him out of it. “I am the one who needs to be baptized by you,” he said, “so why are you coming to me?”

15 But Jesus said, “It should be done, for we must carry out all that God requires.” So John agreed to baptize him.

16 After his baptism, as Jesus came up out of the water, the heavens were opened and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and settling on him. 17 And a voice from heaven said, “This is my dearly loved Son, who brings me great joy.”


Two things stand out to me in this passage. First (and fitting our red letter focus), v.15 marks the first time Jesus speaks in Matthew’s Gospel, and the statement here tells a lot about how Matthew is going to approach his telling of the story: Jesus is the one who comes to carry out all that God requires. In doing so he both secures salvation for us and shows us what it looks like and what exactly it means to live life in such a manner. Jesus was not the only one who needed to carry out all that God requires. Each of us bears the same responsibility, though the specifics will look somewhat different for each of us.

Speaking of looking different: John the Baptist. I didn’t mention this when we read Mark 1, though the two descriptions are nearly identical, and convey to us that John was outlandish in his dress, diet, and demeanor. Bear in mind that John was a prophet, he came in the spirit of Elijah, so these were not merely eccentric choices, they prophetic examples (Elijah, Jeremiah, and other prophets often did the same sort of things – demonstrating as well as speaking the message of God). The message here is one of non-participation in the prevailing economic system. John won’t eat the food or wear the clothes produced in such an oppressive economic climate, where both are the product of slave labor. Much like our own day. Where do our clothes come from? Where does our food come from? Do you suppose we can live off the suffering of others with no consequence? John didn’t think so. And I’m afraid he was right. If we ask honestly, we will find that what God requires of us involves ameliorating – not exacerbating – the suffering of others.

New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.