Red Letter Year: 11/20

John 11.32-44

32 When Mary arrived and saw Jesus, she fell at his feet and said, “Lord, if only you had been here, my brother would not have died.”

33 When Jesus saw her weeping and saw the other people wailing with her, a deep anger welled up within him, and he was deeply troubled. 34 “Where have you put him?” he asked them.

They told him, “Lord, come and see.” 35 Then Jesus wept. 36 The people who were standing nearby said, “See how much he loved him!” 37 But some said, “This man healed a blind man. Couldn’t he have kept Lazarus from dying?”

38 Jesus was still angry as he arrived at the tomb, a cave with a stone rolled across its entrance. 39 “Roll the stone aside,” Jesus told them.

But Martha, the dead man’s sister, protested, “Lord, he has been dead for four days. The smell will be terrible.”

40 Jesus responded, “Didn’t I tell you that you would see God’s glory if you trust?” 41 So they rolled the stone aside. Then Jesus looked up to heaven and said, “Father, thank you for hearing me. 42 You always hear me, but I said it out loud for the sake of all these people standing here, so that they will trust that you sent me.” 43 Then Jesus shouted, “Lazarus, come out!” 44 And the dead man came out, his hands and feet bound in graveclothes, his face wrapped in a headcloth. Jesus told them, “Unwrap him and let him go!”


Mary makes the same statement that Martha did back in v.21, but while Martha added, “even now God will give you whatever you ask,” Mary has nothing else to say. She is at Jesus’ feet weeping, but she is also so hurt with him for not coming sooner that there is nothing left to say. Jesus seems to take a cue from her because, unlike with Martha, he engages in no discussion with Mary. He doesn’t promise anything to her or ask anything from her. Instead, he moves almost immediately into action.

I say almost because there is a momentary pause where John gives us Jesus’ reaction to Mary’s pain and Lazarus’ death. Whether because John knew Jesus so well or because Jesus was transparent with his emotions (some people just aren’t good poker players), the writer observes and communicates to us a powerful emotive response from Jesus. We see the human side of Jesus fully expressed here. He is troubled, deeply grieved, angry, and disoriented. He doesn’t know where the grave is, someone has to show him (no divine knowledge here, despite the overall tendency in John). He cries so visibly the people around notice; a better word for “wept” here might be “bawled.” Jesus wailed. He cried. He screamed. He moaned. He gave full vent to the deep wrong we feel when we lose a loved one before their time. One word that definitely belongs here is “angry.” Some translations try to soften that, but the NLT gets it right. Jesus was angry. If you’ve had someone you love die too young, you probably know exactly how he felt. More to the point, Jesus knows exactly how you feel because he’s been there too. Death sucks. An untimely death sucks even worse. 

Jesus seems to have had this breakdown of grief along the way (you know it comes in waves and is not predictable or often convenient) because he is “still angry” when he gets to the tomb. Then Martha wavers, the trust she expressed earlier is giving way to doubt. So, let’s recap: Mary is hurt, Martha is doubting, and Jesus is angry. Not exactly the sort of mindset you would except going into intercessory prayer. Except Jesus doesn’t really even do that. He prays one of the simplest prayers ever – that’s the sort of stuff we get away with in Vineyard churches. But his lack of eloquence didn’t matter. Neither did Martha’s doubt. Mary’s hurt didn’t affect the outcome. Here is Jesus at his most human in all of John (except for the cross) doing the most amazing miracle. Just the sort of thing he tells us to continue doing.

We think we have to get our words right, our theology right, our faith sure enough, our lives holy enough, etc. But we don’t. How much faith does a dead man need to be resurrected?

New Living Translation (NLT) Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale HousePublishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Red Letter Year: 11/19

John 11.23-31

23 Jesus told her, “Your brother will rise again.”

24 “Yes,” Martha said, “he will rise when everyone else rises, at the last day.”

25 Jesus told her, “I am the resurrection and the life. Anyone who trusts me will live, even after dying. 26 Everyone who lives in me and trusts me will never ever die. Do you trust this, Martha?”

27 “Yes, Lord,” she told him. “I have always trusted that you are the Messiah, the Son of God, the one who has come into the world from God.” 28 Then she returned to Mary. She called Mary aside from the mourners and told her, “The Teacher is here and wants to see you.” 29 So Mary immediately went to him.

30 Jesus had stayed outside the village, at the place where Martha met him. 31 When the people who were at the house consoling Mary saw her leave so hastily, they assumed she was going to Lazarus’s grave to weep. So they followed her there.


I don’t know about you, but I am enjoying our slow walk through the Gospels. It gives us time to catch the small details and appreciate some of the depth and nuance the Scripture has for us. Three details stand out to me in today’s passage. First is the gentle way Jesus leads Martha to a deeper expression of faith in him. Yesterday we read a pretty bold statement of faith from Martha, perhaps even a suggestion that Jesus might raise her brother. Here Jesus assures her Lazarus will rise again. If we remember the ongoing argument between the Sadducees and Pharisees over this issue, we can see that Martha has learned (either from the Pharisees or from Jesus) that a general resurrection will occur. Jesus leaves his first statement ambiguous (I think intentionally so), giving Martha an opportunity to think about that and affirm it.

Then Jesus moves beyond what Martha already believed to what she had no idea about, that Jesus himself IS the resurrection, that death is not a fixed barrier at all for the Anointed One of God. Jesus reveals himself to Martha in this moment in a way and to a degree he had not done before. The closest he came was with the Samaritan woman at the well, but this is more revealing than that by quite a wide margin. Martha takes this new information in stride and openly, boldly confesses to Jesus that she does trust that he is Messiah, that she had done so from the start. Jesus gently gets her to state plainly and courageously what she had felt and kept to herself for so long. Jesus brings out the best in us, the trust in him we feel like we want to walk in but are afraid to speak.

And do I need to elaborate on the significance that twice (and only twice) now in John, Jesus has revealed himself as Messiah – and both times he revealed himself to a woman? Jesus was no complementarian. Time and again in the Gospels, he showed preference for women, entrusting them with a lot more than he did his male followers. This continued in the early church and persists wherever followers of Jesus take the Bible seriously. I know some claim that subjugating women is biblical, but they are reading it wrong. They are free to do and teach as they like, but they don’t get to call it “biblical,” because it’s not.

The second and third details go together. Notice the movement of people in this passage. Jesus comes to Bethany. Martha leaves their house and meets him on the outskirts of town (presumably closer to the grave). Mary stays behind. After her deepening of faith, Martha goes back and gets Mary, while Jesus stays there, waiting outside town. Then Mary comes and meets Jesus where Martha left him. Such small details, but John includes them and they seem a little off. Why didn’t Mary go with Martha to begin with? Why didn’t Jesus go back to the house with Martha? (I feel bad for Martha making all these trips.) We will read about Mary’s interaction with Jesus tomorrow, but for today, think about these details.

I freely admit that what follows is conjecture, but I have thought about this passage for a long time, and while I can’t prove what I’m about to say, and while you’re free not to agree with me on this, I can at least say that I don’t see any harm or theological error in my theory (sometimes that’s the best we can do!). If we remember Luke 10, Mary and Martha showed different responses to Jesus on another occasion. Martha was very active, taking care of Jesus and the other guests, tending to the food, etc., while Mary sat at Jesus’ feet. Some take from that a metaphor for the difference between the active and contemplative life. But maybe it speaks as much to their different personalities (which may be saying the same thing another way). We see something similar here. Martha moves immediately and goes straight to Jesus. Mary remains behind, perhaps immobilized by her grief. It is common to lift Mary up as the good example from Luke 10 for attending to the one thing that mattered, and here maybe grief was the one thing that mattered. Except there was Jesus approaching town. So maybe Mary and Martha just give us two different responses to Jesus, neither better or worse, just different and if we would incorporate their examples into our own lives, sometimes contemplation is more needful and other times action is more needful.

But that is all on the theoretical-metaphorical level. And I don’t usually hang out there too much. Here’s what I think was going on: I think Mary was angry with Jesus for not responding to the message they sent. She felt forgotten, overlooked, and incredulous that Jesus could have all this power to heal and not cure his dear friend and her beloved brother. I think she stayed at the house because she didn’t want to see Jesus at that moment. He was, ‘a day late and a dollar short,’ as the saying goes. And I think Jesus understood this (he has been reading thoughts and emotions all through John). When she wasn’t with Martha, he knew she wasn’t ready to see him, so he waited where he was until she was ready. With her newly deepened faith, Martha was able to persuade Mary to go to Jesus, who patiently waited for her.

This is nearly opposite to what Jesus did in chapter 9, where he healed a blind man who hadn’t asked for it and didn’t know who Jesus was. If I’m on track here, this means sometimes Jesus ambushes us, sometimes he meets us as we’re running to him, and sometimes he waits patiently while we work through being angry with him. This is the sort of thing that can help us rethink how we narrate coming to Jesus. We saw this already when the blind man baptized himself before even coming to faith. Here we see two more very different paths to Jesus (or three more if we count Lazarus). It is easy to narrow in on one way, to generalize from our experience and make it normative for everyone else. But I hope we can see that Jesus isn’t interested in checking off boxes in some proper order. Jesus is interested in each of us and approaches us as best suits our personalities and situations.

New Living Translation (NLT) Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale HousePublishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.