Red Letter Year: 8/23

Luke 17.1-19

One day Jesus said to his disciples, “There will always be temptations to sin, but what sorrow awaits the person who does the tempting! It would be better to be thrown into the sea with a millstone hung around your neck than to cause one of these little ones to fall into sin. So watch yourselves! “If another believer sins, rebuke that person; then if there is repentance, forgive. Even if that person wrongs you seven times a day and each time turns again and asks forgiveness, you must forgive.”

The apostles said to the Lord, “Show us how to increase our faith.”

Good excuse as any for van Gogh’s Mulberry Tree (one of my favorites).

The Lord answered, “If you had faith even as small as a mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘May you be uprooted and thrown into the sea,’ and it would obey you! When a servant comes in from plowing or taking care of sheep, does his master say, ‘Come in and eat with me’? No, he says, ‘Prepare my meal, put on your apron, and serve me while I eat. Then you can eat later.’ And does the master thank the servant for doing what he was told to do? Of course not. 10 In the same way, when you obey me you should say, ‘We are unworthy servants who have simply done our duty.’”

11 As Jesus continued on toward Jerusalem, he reached the border between Galilee and Samaria. 12 As he entered a village there, ten lepers stood at a distance, 13 crying out, “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!”

14 He looked at them and said, “Go show yourselves to the priests.” And as they went, they were cleansed of their leprosy.

15 One of them, when he saw that he was healed, came back to Jesus, shouting, “Praise God!” 16 He fell to the ground at Jesus’ feet, thanking him for what he had done. This man was a Samaritan.

17 Jesus asked, “Didn’t I heal ten men? Where are the other nine? 18 Has no one returned to give glory to God except this foreigner?” 19 And Jesus said to the man, “Stand up and go. Your faith has healed you.”


The first thing to pay attention to in today’s passage comes in v.1 – Jesus is talking to the disciples here and this is another “woe” directed specifically at them (remember the ones in the Sermon on the Plain in ch. 6 were for them too). What follows is pretty demanding stuff. Followers causing other followers to stumble is bad. Jesus demands that we watch ourselves and watch out for each other. If we see one follower sinning and hurting other followers, we have an obligation, a mandate, to speak up. We fail at this responsibility far too often (the first person plural there is quite intentional).

But we are also to be quick and continuous with our forgiving. The grammar here in Greek is really close to what was in the Lost Son story where he repents and the father forgives him. That passionate compassion is an important part of speaking up when one brother or sister is hurting another. Ideally it is both together, though in practice this can be hard to maintain, especially when people resist correction.

Which makes the explanation of the servant here apropos. Could there be a clearer depiction of how the kingdom is not all about me? We are here to serve, not be served. There are amazing benefits to being a follower of Jesus, just like there are great perks of being on the personal staff of a billionaire (at least I imagine there are: yacht rides, polishing fancy sports cars, exotic locales – sure there’s work involved, but there are benefits, right?) But perks are called perks for a reason. They are side benefits, they are not the main focus of what’s going on. Way too many Christians are in this for what’s in it for them, for what personal sense of whatever they gain from it. As odd as it sounds, here Jesus is saying, ‘So, you’ve worked hard all day in the fields, working for the kingdom? Great! Now make me a sandwich.” Some of us need to figure out the working hard in the fields all day, that is shock enough. Then comes the kicker: that is us just doing what’s expected of us. Serving in the kingdom is almost never the above-and-beyond we make it out to be. Those who need constant praise for what they’re doing are among those who are prone to making others stumble. Let’s do our work with eagerness and humility and leave the glory to the One it belongs to.

The healing story at the end drives this whole point home and also balances it nicely. Ten are healed – not because they earned it or deserved it or for any merit-based reason at all. Jesus knew nine of them weren’t coming back. Maybe they thought it was all about them or they were too busy enjoying their personal experience or whatever, but they were healed out of Jesus’ passionate compassion, nothing else. We serve because it’s our duty, we worship because we were made to do so, but what we receive from God is not tied to our service or our worship. We can’t earn our way to a healing. We can’t worship our way to a healing. The grace of God is free. Always. Even healing grace. All ten trusted Jesus enough to start walking toward the priests. That minimal amount of trust in God’s grace – just enough to act on it – is all they had to have. And that’s enough to throw mulberry trees into the sea. Or onto a canvas.

New Living Translation (NLT) Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale HousePublishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Red Letter Year: 8/22

Luke 16.19-31

19 Jesus said, “There was a certain rich man who was splendidly clothed in purple and fine linen and who lived each day in luxury. 20 At his gate lay a poor man named Lazarus who was covered with sores. 21 As Lazarus lay there longing for scraps from the rich man’s table, the dogs would come and lick his open sores.

22 Finally, the poor man died and was carried by the angels to be with Abraham. The rich man also died and was buried, 23 and his soul went to the place of the dead. There, in torment, he saw Abraham in the far distance with Lazarus at his side.

24 The rich man shouted, ‘Father Abraham, have some pity! Send Lazarus over here to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue. I am in anguish in these flames.’

25 But Abraham said to him, ‘Son, remember that during your lifetime you had everything you wanted, and Lazarus had nothing. So now he is here being comforted, and you are in anguish. 26 And besides, there is a great chasm separating us. No one can cross over to you from here, and no one can cross over to us from there.’

27 Then the rich man said, ‘Please, Father Abraham, at least send him to my father’s home. 28 For I have five brothers, and I want him to warn them so they don’t end up in this place of torment.’

29 But Abraham said, ‘Moses and the prophets have warned them. Your brothers can read what they wrote.’

30 The rich man replied, ‘No, Father Abraham! But if someone is sent to them from the dead, then they will repent of their sins and turn to God.’

31 But Abraham said, ‘If they won’t listen to Moses and the prophets, they won’t listen even if someone rises from the dead.’”


There are four rich men in Luke’s Gospel and the drama with each one ratchets up a notch. The rich man here is the second one we have encountered and he is not so alone as the rich fool was, but for all his interaction with Lazarus, he may as well have been. The rich man ignores Lazarus outside his gate until they both die, and even in the afterlife the rich man only addresses Abraham, never Lazarus directly.

In fact, even in death the rich man wants to treat Lazarus as his servant, to fetch him water and deliver messages to his brothers. His arrogance remains even after he experiences the woes from the Sermon on the Plain. This speaks to the reversal Luke has built his Gospel around since Mary sang, Zechariah prophesied and Jesus announced it at the beginning of his ministry. Abraham points out this reversal to the rich man in v.25.

But in responding to the pleas for his siblings, Abraham points out that the reversal he has experienced is not inevitable for them. They have Moses and the prophets, both of which condemn the rich man’s lack of action toward Lazarus. Abraham acknowledges that some still may not be convinced even if someone should rise from the dead. Luke is preparing us for the third and fourth rich men, one of whom will reject Jesus and one of whom accepts him. He is also preparing us for the continued rejection of Jesus after his resurrection he records in Acts. The very religious leaders who mocked Jesus for teaching about sharing possessions have failed to understand the same mandate in the Law and the Prophets and they are as doomed as this rich man and his brothers. Once again, Luke could not make the choice more stark. People who ignore those in need around them are not yet followers of Jesus.

New Living Translation (NLT) Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale HousePublishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.